A former detective constable from a Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) specialist sexual offences unit has been found guilty of five counts of misconduct in public office for failing to properly investigate a series of rape and serious sexual offences and falsifying documents.
Carl Ryan, a former officer of the then specialist Sapphire Command in Islington, repeatedly failed to submit evidence for forensic examination, and falsified crime reports to cover up his inaction. He also falsified witness statements and caused a victim to be told, and told a suspect’s solicitor that the Crown Prosecution Service had authorised charges to be brought in a case which, at that time, was untrue. The convictions follow an investigation by the Independent Police Complains Commission (IPCC).
IPCC Associate Commissioner Tom Milsom said: “Throughout his time leading investigations into allegations of serious sexual offences, Carl Ryan broke the trust of the vulnerable victims he was supposed to protect and seek justice for. He deliberately ignored the advice of experienced officers, and failed to submit valuable evidence for forensic testing, instead lying about the results. In order to cover his tracks he falsified crime records to manipulate his supervisors. His actions can be summed up as a significant breach of the faith the public should have in the police.”
Mr Ryan, who was dismissed from MPS in January 2013 following a fast-track gross misconduct hearing, was found guilty of five counts of misconduct in public office following a two week trial at Southwark Crown Court.
Details of misconduct in public office offences:
CARL RYAN, between 1st January 2010 and 1st July 2012, while acting as a public officer, namely as a Detective Constable employed by the Metropolitan Police, without reasonable excuse or justification wilfully misconducted himself to such a degree as to amount to an abuse of the public’s trust in that office, in that:
Count 1: During a police investigation into a sexual offence Carl Ryan failed to send exhibits for forensic analysis and then wrote on the central record for the investigation that the exhibits had been examined with a negative result, knowing this was not true.
Count 2: During a police investigation into an offence of rape Carl Ryan failed to send exhibits for toxicological analysis and then wrote on the central record for the investigation that the exhibits had been examined with a negative result, knowing this was not true.
Count 3: During a police investigation into offences of rape Carl Ryan failed to send an exhibit for forensic analysis and then wrote on the central record for the investigation that the exhibit had been examined with a negative result, knowing this was not true.
Count 4: During a police investigation into a sexual offence Carl Ryan signed the statements of witnesses instead of asking each witness to consider their statement and sign it, knowing this was not true.
Count 5: During a police investigation into a sexual offence Carl Ryan caused the victim and the suspect’s solicitor to be informed that the Crown Prosecution Service had made the decision to charge, knowing this was not true.
Carl Ryan was acquitted on a sixth count of misconduct in public office.
You could be forgiven in thinking the Carl Ryan case was a one-off, HEADS UP! this negligent misrepresentation from officers in the police have been happening time and again.
Former Met police officer admits failing to investigate rape cases
Ryan Coleman-Farrow faked police reports, failed to pass on evidence and falsely claimed to have interviewed suspects
An investigator from the Metropolitan police specialist sex crimes unit has admitted failing to investigate the alleged rapes and sexual assaults of 12 women by faking police reports, failing to pass on forensic evidence and not interviewing suspects.
The activities of detective constable Ryan Coleman-Farrow – who pleaded guilty to 13 counts of misconduct in public office on Wednesday – focus attention once more on Scotland Yard’s sapphire unit, which is supposed to be the gold standard for rape investigations across the country. Coleman-Farrow’s omissions in 13 rape and sexual assault investigations over three years have left 11 men suspected of rape and sexual assault at large, and his misconduct means the cases are “incapable of full and proper investigation” and will always remain unsolved.
His case was one of four major investigations into the unit by the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) which is due to publish a report on Sapphire in the autumn.
It emerged in court that over the time he was involved in investigating rape cases Coleman-Farrow was ill and, according to the judge, the recorder of Westminster Alistair McCreath, he was not looked after properly.
However, the IPCC, which carried out an independent inquiry into Coleman-Farrow after concerns were raised in 2010 about his performance, said their investigations had not found any supervisory failings within the Met police. They will publish their full report on 11 October when Coleman-Farrow is sentenced.
Coleman-Farrow, 30, who was dismissed from the Met police in April last year, stood in the dock at Southwark crown court to answer his name, and pleaded guilty to 13 charges of misconduct in public office by wilfully engaging in conduct amounting to an abuse of public trust between January 2007 and September 2010 when he was working at the Sapphire unit in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey. The cases he failed to investigate, the court heard, involved 10 rape cases and three sexual assaults and included inquiries he carried out after Scotland Yard’s radical overhaul of Sapphire following a series of scandals involving serial rapists who were not investigated.
Mark Heywood QC, prosecuting, said: “The case involves investigations by this defendant, a serving police officer, into allegations of sexual offending.
“The indictment alleges against him 13 offences of misconduct in relation to each of the 13 investigations carried out.
“Behind the evidence stand 12 complainants and 11 suspects in total.
“In almost all cases no proceedings resulted and certainly no conclusion adverse to anyone was ever reached.”
The court heard that Coleman-Farrow repeatedly made false entries on the police computer to report that the Crown Prosecution Service had advised no further action in cases. He also failed to view CCTV footage on a number of occasions, failed to submit forensic evidence for analysis, lied about taking a statement from a victim, falsely claimed one victim had withdrawn support for a prosecution, falsely claimed to have interviewed suspects when he had not, falsified a witness statement and failed to interview key witnesses.
Heywood said a thick line had now been drawn by the Met police under all 13 investigations as a result of the failures by the officer. He said: “There is now no prospect of these matters being progressed in any further respect.”
Coleman-Farrow’s activities first emerged in 2010 when the CPS became concerned that information and evidence from cases he was involved in were not being passed to them. In September of that year two sex workers – Jaime Perlman, 37, and Riley Lison-Taylor, 33 – gassed themselves to death in a suicide pact at a flat in Putney, south London and left notes which accused the Metropolitan police of not properly investigating their complaints against clients who had stalked them.
During the internal inquiry following their deaths Coleman-Farrow’s name came up again as an officer who was involved in investigating Perlman’s stalking allegations in 2009. Coleman-Farrow was cleared of the allegations made by Perlman, but after an independent inquiry by the IPCC he was charged with the 13 misconduct counts relating to other cases.
It is understood the officer was interviewed four times during the IPCC investigation and said that he had been suffering from cancer during the period they were investigating.
The court heard on Wednesday that his ill health would be key to the court assessing his culpability. Heywood said that issue was likely to be common ground between the prosecution and defence. He said a significant part of the offending took place between September 2009 and September 2010 and the relationship between his conduct then and his health at that time was an important factor.
The judge gave the former officer bail before sentencing on 11 October.
A spokeswoman for Women Against Rape said: “This is a very serious case, because at least 12 victims have been denied justice and at least 11 rapists have received impunity as a direct result of this man’s actions.
“Every single case this specialist officer has been involved in should be reviewed.”
The IPCC said Coleman-Farrow appeared to be a “rogue” officer and they did not identify supervisory failing. However, another officer from Sapphire is currently under investigation by the IPCC for similar offences of falsifying records to suggest cases were closed when they were not.
The deputy chair of the IPCC, Deborah Glass, said: “Ryan Coleman-Farrow was entrusted to investigate serious sexual offences and support some of the most vulnerable people in the criminal justice system. He let them down by his calculated abuse of their trust. His actions are beyond belief.
“The MPS [Metropolitan police service] have told us they reviewed all cases where Mr Coleman-Farrow was officer in charge and I understand that, where cases required further or re-investigation, this has been done.
“Our investigation did not reveal systemic or serious supervisory failings … While dealing with rogue individuals must always be a concern in any system, supervisory systems will not necessarily pick up on an officer who has concocted evidence to cover their tracks.”